Ohrknorpel_und_äusseres_ohr_der_Säugetiere_(Taf._18) (1)

UNARCHEOLOGY RADIO #2

Šis „Unarcheology radio“ grojaraštis pateikia įsivaizduojamą garsovaizdį, kuris sudarytas iš svirplių, cikadų ir laumžirgių garsų iš viso pasaulio, kartu su šikšnosparnių ultragarsu, čia perkeltu į girdimus dažnius. Montažo pagalba randasi nelogiška garsų ekosistema, kurios elementai paprastai yra labai toli vieni nuo kitų ir nuo mūsų tiek geografiniame žemėlapyje, tiek garso spektre.

Nuotrauka: iš Johan Erik Vesti Boas knygos, 1912 m. „Auricular cartilage and outer ear of mammals; a comparative anatomical examination“

00:00 Type of Orthoptera sounds interfering with bats’ ultrasounds
00:15 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus hunting far from a hedge during an April night
00:55 “Brood” (from Broken Hearted Dragonflies (Insect Electronica From Southeast Asia)
02:56 Nyctalus Noctula – social calls emitted in high flight – 15 khz
03:35 Hypsugo Savii – hunting over a meadow at dusk – 33,5 khz
04:26 Eptesicus Nilssonii in high flight (almost constant frequency/sound resembles a
popping bubble)
05:22 Tadarida Teniotis – hunting over a river near a cliff – 14 khz
06:08 Pipistrellus Kuhlii (levelled frequency modulation) – scanning from 38 to 35 then
from 35 to 45 khz
06:18 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus & Pipistrellus Kuhlii – group of bats emitting on different
frequencies
06:45 “Morning Fanfare” (from Broken Hearted Dragonflies (Insect Electronica From
Southeast Asia)
07:28 Myotis Nattereri hunting among foliage – very rapid pulse rate
08:16 Myotis Mystacinus – hunting at the forest’s edge (for comparison) – 49 khz
09:04 Vespertilio Murinus – long signal – 25 khz
09:44 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus – social calls emitted in flight – 17 and 20 khz
10:32 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus – cyclic fm (social calls)
11:04 Eptesicus Nilssonii – the initial section of the signal is explosive
12:06 Rhinolophus Hipposideros (constant frequency)
12:46 Myotis Myotis hunting over a meadow at dusk in the summer – very regular pulse
rate
13:39 Pipistrellus Kuhlii (levelled frequency modulation) – scanning from 38 to 35 then
from 35 to 45 khz
13:49 Myotis Daubentonii (steep frequency modulation) – scanning from 30 to 55 khz
14:05 Myotis Daubentonii & Pipistrellus Pipistrellus together – 45 khz
14:19 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus hunting far from a hedge during an April night
15:16 Tadarida Teniotis hunting near vegetation (steep fm) then flying away into the open
(levelled fm)
15:48 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus hunting near a hedge at dusk in the summer
15:50 Thailand Khao Yai National Park, At Night 1
16:20 Myotis Myotis hunting over a meadow in early spring – irregular pulse rate
16:44 Pipistrellus nathusii – social calls (two trills of different frequencies)
17:25 France, Bugey, End Of April, At Night
17:28 Pipistrellus Nathusii – social calls (two trills of different frequencies)
18:42 Vespertilio Murinus – social calls of juveniles in the roost
18:51 Nyctalus Noctula – social calls emitted around a roost in dense undergrowth (about
40 khz)
19:03 Nyctalus Noctula – social calls emitted in flight – 15 khz
19:05 Rhinolophus Ferrumequinum long cf + steep fm
19:25 Nyctalus Noctula – long levelled fm (social calls)
20:00 Cameroon Near Douala, At Night, Savana 4
20:17 France, Bugey, At Night, In Mid August 2
21:00 “Particle Swarm Intelligence” (from Broken Hearted Dragonflies (Insect Electronica
From Southeast Asia)
21:24 Type of Orthoptera sounds interfering with bats’ ultrasounds
22:42 Hypsugo Savii – undulating fm (social calls)
23:20 Eptesicus Serotinus – the initial section of the signal is progressive
24:06 Myotis Nattereri – sharp click at the end of the signal
24:35 Cameroon Near Douala, At Night, Savana 5
25:46 Réunion Island St Etienne River, At Night 2

26:06 Southern Tunisia, Chemsa Oasis, At Night
26:20 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus – edge of a forest near a pond – 45 khz
26:29 Cameroon Near Douala, At Night, Savana 2
26:40 Martinique, At Night, At The Forest Edge
26:55 Barbastella Barbastellus – flying in an illuminated village and among trees, with
social calls
26:57 Reunion Island, Cirque De Cilaos, Nightfall 1
27:12 Réunion Island St Etienne River, At Night
27:28 France, Bugey, End Of April, At Night
27:41 Myotis Myotis, Blythii – several bats hunting in undergrowth – 35 khz
27:50 Northern Venezuela, In The Day, In Equatorial Forest
28:30 China, Omei Setchouan Mount, During The Day 1
29:06 China, Omei Setchouan Mount, During The Day 2
29:19 Northern Australia, Barine Lake, At Night
29:16 Japanese Cicadas*
30:00 Martinique Forest Near Fort De France
30:08 France Haute Provence, In A Vineyard At Night
30:40 France Bugey, On The Grand Colombier Mountain 2
31:08 France, Bugey, At Night, In Mid August 2
31:25 Reunion Island, Cirque De Cilaos, Nightfall 2
31:38 Thailand Khao Yai National Park, At Night 3
31:50 Cameroon Near Douala, At Night, Savana 3
32:08 France Bugey, On The Grand Colombier Mountain 1
32:20 China, Omei Setchouan Mount, At Night, In The Grass
32:23 Myotis Mystacinus – hunting at the edge of a forest 48 khz
32:55 Plecotus Auritus, austriacus – flying near the edge of the forest, close to the
vegetation
33:05 Tadarida Teniotis – hunting at high level over meadows and forests – 9,5 khz
33:13 Nyctalus Leisleri – structural modification as the bat approaches an obstacle
33:29 Myotis Nattereri flying over a clearing – slow pulse rate
33:36 Myotis Dabentonii & Myotis Mystacinus hunting together _ the latter’s calls are
weaker
33:48 hunting signals from Nyctalus Noctula (20 khz)
33:49 social calls of Pipistrellus Pipistrellus (20 khz)
33:57 Myotis Myotis, Blythii
34:00 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus hunting near a hedge at dusk in the summer
34:01 Myotis Mystacinus – hunting over a wooded river – 50 khz
34:06 Myotis Emarginatus – hunting in light undergrowth – 47 khz
34:12 Pipistrellus Kuhlii – hunting at night in an illuminated village – 38 khz
34:13 Pipistrellus Pipistrellus – hunting over a river flanked by trees – 45 khz
34:22 Myotis Emarginatus – hunting in light undergrowth – 47 khz
34:34 Myotis Myotis, Blythii
34:41 Eptesicus Serotinus hunting – many capture sequences (accelerated pulse rate)
34:45 Rhinolophus Ferrumequinum – flying at the edge of the forest – 82 khz
35:25 Rhinolophus Euryale – flying inside a cave – 104 khz
35:51 Myotis Daubentonii (steep frequency modulation) – scanning from 30 to 55 khz
36:14 Myotis Daubentonii (steep frequency modulation) – scanning from 30 to 55 khz
36:16 Vespertilio Murinus – typical high-level hunt over a wooded river – 24 khz
37:29 Tadarida Teniotis – hunting over a river (with Pipistrellus Kuhlii) – 14 khz
37:43 Nyctalus Leisleri – bat hunting in the open – 23 khz
37:49 Nyctalus Noctula – hunting at high level over a village – 20 khz

38:07 Nyctalus Noctula – group hunting inside a park with tall trees (fm 25 khz) and above
a hedge
38:19 Nyctalus Noctula – hunting near street lights – fm structure – 24 khz
38:30 Nyctalus Leisleri – group hunting at very high level – 23 at 25 khz
39:02 Vespertilio Murinus – bat hunting at the edge of a forest – 25 khz
39:03 Eptesicus Nilssonii – hunting at high level over a lake (Myotis Daubentonii in
background) – 27,5 khz
39:07 Eptesicus Nilssonii – low flight after emergence from the roost
39:12 Eptesicus Nilssonii – typical hunt over street lights (amplitude alternation) – 28,5 khz
39:15 Eptesicus Serotinus – hunting at dusk over a meadow 27 khz
39:20 Japanese Cicadas*
39:22 Eptesicus Serotinus – hunting among foliage of large oak trees – steep fm 27 khz
39:41 Nyctalus leisleri – social calls emitted in flight – 15 khz
40:00 Eptesicus Serotinus – social calls in a nursery colony (adult + juveniles)

All tracks (except*) From Albums:

  • Brokenhearted Dragonflies: Insect Electronica From Southeast Asia
    Album by Martine Tucker:
https://sublime-frequencies.bandcamp.com/album/broken-hearted-dragonflies-insect-electronica-from-southeast-asia
  • Cigales et grillons & autres insectes chanteurs du mondes / Cicadas and Crickets
    Album by Jean C. Roché and Jean Thévenet:
https://www.discogs.com/Jean-C-Roché-Jean-Thévenet-Cigales-Et-Grillons-Cicadas-And-Crickets/release/2433498
  • Ballades Dans L’Inaudible / The Inaudible World
    Album by Michel Barataud:
https://www.discogs.com/Michel-Barataud-Ballades-Dans-LInaudible-The-Inaudible-World/release/2425745